Reducing energy demands, increasing the efficiency of energy production technology, and shifting to renewable and cleaner energy sources can lower GHG emissions.
Greater efficiency in the conversion and use of energy would obviously reduce emissions. Wood- and coal-burning stoves that consume less energy and emit lesser amount of gases are being designed. Countries like China, India, Kenya, and Uganda have adopted programmes for manufacturing efficient stoves. In the long term, alternative sources of energy have to be provided to people who depend on fuel wood for cooking and heating.
Let us see some options of renewable energy that will help in reducing CO2 emissions.
Click each icon to view details of that option.
With this, we complete our discussion on mitigation options in some major sectors. Let us now understand the role of technologies and market-based mechanisms in mitigation.
Some countries have imposed taxes on polluting fuels in the industrial and other sectors, that is, the polluter has to pay the cost of the damage caused to environment. This tax imposed on CO2 emissions is one of the most direct ways of keeping a check on GHG emissions. Such a tax has been imposed in several countries, including Brazil, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden, and the UK.