Mitigation in the Transport Sector
Many technologies and strategies exist today to reduce transport-related GHG emissions, the most important being improvement in current vehicle technologies. Transport, unlike other energy-consuming sectors, relies predominantly on a single fossil resource, and capturing carbon emissions from transport vehicles is currently not feasible.
Transport also leads to air pollution, congestion and energy security (oil import) problems. Solutions, therefore, cannot be focused on GHG emissions alone. Development of hydrogen-powered fuel-cell vehicles and bio-fuels, and improving conventional technologies are a few options available to replace fossil fuels.
Advanced technologies include greater use of electricity-driven technologies, including hybrid electric power trains, fuel cells and battery-driven electric vehicles. Usage of alternative fuels such as natural gas, hydrogen, in combination with improved and advanced technologies, can play an even bigger role. While hybrid vehicles have played a limited role, further technological advances are expected in engines, which can approximately double the fuel efficiency of the â€˜newâ€™ light-duty vehicles by 2030.
Let us now see mitigation options in different domains of the transport sector.
Click each icon to learn about it.