Know Climate Change

Adaptation and Mitigation


Categorization of Mitigation Options

The main categories of climate change mitigation options are as follows.

Mitigation Option

Type of Options

Market-oriented Policies

  • Taxes and subsidies
  • Emission charges
  • Tradable emission permits
  • Soft loans
  • Market development and/or efforts to reduce transaction costs

Technology-oriented Policies

  • Norms and standards
  • Effluent or user charges
  • Institutional capacity building
  • Market development efforts (information, transaction cost coverage)

Voluntary Policies

  • Eco-labelling
  • Voluntary agreements

R&D Policies

  • Research programs
  • Innovation and demonstration

Accompanying Measures

  • Public awareness
  • Information distribution
  • Education
  • Transport
  • Free consultancy services

To know more about mitigation options, you can read the publication (Mitigation Options) on