Integrating Adaptation into Development
Links between climate change adaptation and development
policies are several and varied, and they generally
interact in a circular manner. Human-induced climate
change poses a severe threat to the achievement of
MDGs (Millennium Development Goals), related to national
poverty alleviation and sustainable development (TERI).
The MDGs are eight international development
goals that 192 United Nations member states and
atleast 23 international organizations have agreed
to achieve by the year 2015.
The broad goals are as follows.
- Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education
- Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower
- Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
- Goal 5: Improve maternal health
- Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other
- Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability
- Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development
Each goal mentioned above has internal sub-goals.
Progress towards reaching the goals has been uneven.
Some countries have achieved many of the goals,
while others are not on track to realize any.
To know more about the MDGs, you can visit the
of the United Nations.
The rationale for integrating adaptation into development
strategies and practices is underlined by the fact
that interventions required to enhance resilience
to climate variability and change generally furthers
development objectives. Adaptation calls for natural
resource management, buttressing food security, development
of social and human capital, and strengthening of
institutional systems. Such processes, besides building
the resilience of communities, regions and countries
to all shocks and stresses, including climate variability
and change, are good development practices in themselves
Thus, it is necessary to understand which specific
climate change impacts and measures will affect development
efforts and how. For example, an increase in fuel
prices as a method of decreasing GHG emissions could
impose an inequitable burden on the poor; while carbon
sequestration measures could aid social policy by
enhancing sustainability of livelihoods. Hence, integration
between the two realms of adaptation and development
is a prerequisite for a productive understanding of
sustainable development, and may provide new opportunities
for integrated policy development.
Integration of climate change aspects into sustainable
development policies and into decision-making enables
- Address the problem cost-effectively and at the
- Ensure that duplication of efforts and wastage
of scarce resources is avoided